The Taskforce on Whānau Centred Initiatives, led by Professor Sir Mason Durie, agreed to a number of factors which gave definition to Whānau Ora. Whānau Ora is distinctive because
- It recognises a collective entity,
- Endorses a group capacity for self-determination,
- Has an inter-generational dynamic,
- Is built on a Maori cultural foundation,
- Asserts a positive role for whānau within society and
- Can be applied across a wide range of social and economic sectors
Whānau Ora recognises the strengths and abilities that exist within whānau and aims to support and develop opportunities that fulfil potential. Whānau Ora is defined by whānau; whānau self-determination is central to the approach. By its very nature, Whānau Ora is collective in its scope and inter-generational in its impact.
The Whānau-Centred Approach:
- Starts by asking whānau what they want to achieve for themselves, and then responding to those aspirations in order to realise their potential
- Provides flexible support for whānau to move beyond crisis into identifying and achieving medium and long-term goals for sustained change
- Focuses on relationships, self-determination and capability building for whānau to achieve positive long-term outcomes
- Uses a joined up approach that focuses on all factors relevant to whānau wellness, including economic, cultural, environmental factors, as well as social factors
- Recognise that each whānau has a different set of circumstances, and what works well for one whānau does not work well for other whānau
- Recognises that whānau have skills, knowledge and experiences that contribute to their own resilience, and can provide a platform for whānau to become more self-managing and independent.
Whānau Ora recognises the collective strength and capability of whānau to achieve better outcomes in areas such as health, education, housing, employment and income levels. Iwi and the Crown have agreed to a shared Whānau Ora Outcomes Framework to guide their work to improve outcomes for whānau.Iwi and the Crown have agreed to a shared Whānau Ora Outcomes Framework to guide their work to improve outcomes for whānau.